Mutual Funds and the associated charges

Mutual Funds, AMC Charges, Entry Load, Exit Load, India's Top Mutual Funds, Debt funds, FMC, Equity Funds, Hybrid Funds, Balanced FundsThere is a lot of talk of revamping the Mutual Fund Business in India which has taken a serious downfall over the past few years, ever since the entry load was banned ~ which forced the distributors to literally run away from the business. IN the coming few months, there might be some changes like bringing in some entry load,providing additional tax benefits, incentives for promoting mutual fund business in Tier II cities, providing a common AMFI platform to provide a seamless tracking system etc.
Here is a list of the charges which one should be aware when buying a mutual fund :

Mutual funds are an excellent route to create wealth for yourself. However, they do not come cheap. They have some charges. Some visible, some invisible. You need to be aware of the charges, that is all. Let us look at some of the charges:
1. Entry load: this is charged to pay the distributor for the sales effort that he/she puts in to make the sale. Normally this is nil for debt funds and about 2% for equity funds. (At present there are no entry load charges in Mutual Funds)
2. Brokerage paid for buying and selling of shares – this is a hidden charge because it gets adjusted in the NAV – the net asset value, and you only see the net sale/ purchase. However, as is evident, a fund with a higher churn – a lot of buy and sell transactions – pays a higher cost. It hurts and hurts bad.
3. Chargeable costs: the fund house is allowed to charge some expenses – like audit fees, trusteeship fees, custodian charges, mandatory communication expenses, marketing expenses, etc. The limit here is 2.5% p.a. This is charged on the market value of the assets and hurts – especially when the fund does well
4. Trail commission: In order to encourage distributors from keeping the assets in one amc, amcs pay a trail fee – and this is part of the allowable expense – and thus comes out of the Nav. It is not clear what happens to the money that comes in as “direct” and on which there is no “entry load”. Think about this. God bless you.
5. Charges: The total costs of running an equity fund in India may be high or low by international rates. Do you know how much you are paying – well you are paying about 2.15% per annum. This includes all expenses – allowed by SEBI. If you think debt funds charge less, well you are mistaken. They charge about 1.25%. You will find Templeton India Income Builder charging about 2.15%. You like it? Well, lump it.
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